Commerce raiding is a form of naval warfare used to destroy or disrupt logistics of the enemy on the open sea by attacking its merchant shipping, rather than engaging its combatants or enforcing a blockade against them. The following table shows comparative officer ranks of several Allied and Central powers during World War I. Not all combatant countries are shown in the table. The following table compares the officer ranks appointed by the major Allied powers, the major Axis powers and various occupied countries and co-belligerents during World War II.
There are major controversies surrounding Yasukuni Shrine, a Japanese Shinto shrine to war dead who served the Emperor of Japan during wars from — The convoy—a group of merchantmen or troopships traveling together with a naval escort—was revived during World War I —18 , after having been discarded at the start of the Age of Steam.
Cricket in World War II was severely disrupted in most of the countries where first-class cricket is played. Crossing the T or capping the T is a classic naval warfare tactic used from the late 19th to mid 20th centuries, in which a line of warships crosses in front of a line of enemy ships, allowing the crossing line to bring all their guns to bear while receiving fire from only the forward guns of the enemy. The Crown Colony of Labuan was a British Crown colony on the northwestern shore of the island of Borneo established in after the acquisition of the island of Labuan from the Sultanate of Brunei in Cryptonomicon is a novel by American author Neal Stephenson, set in two different time periods.
Curry sometimes, plural curries is an umbrella term referring to a number of dishes originating in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent. Curtis W. David Louis Mearns, O. Days of Infamy is a two-novel alternate history of the initial stages of the Pacific War by Harry Turtledove. The Deboyne Islands are an atoll, composed of a group of reefs and islands in the north of the Louisiade Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Defensively equipped merchant ship DEMS was an Admiralty Trade Division program established in June , to arm 5, British merchant ships with an adequate defence against enemy submarines and aircraft.
Delap-Uliga-Djarrit is the capital and the largest city of the Marshall Islands with 20, people census. Deng Shichang 4 October — 17 September , courtesy name Zhengqing, posthumous name Zhuangjie, was a Chinese military officer who lived in the late Qing dynasty. Design , also known as Project ,Noot , p. Design A, popularly known as the Super Yamato class, was a planned class of battleships for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Destroyer escort DE was the United States Navy midth-century classification for a warship designed with endurance to escort mid-ocean convoys of merchant marine ships. Navy officer and pioneer naval aviator who served as an aircraft carrier commander during World War II.
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The Dewoitine D. A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops. Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky p; — December 9, was a Russian novelist, poet, religious thinker, and literary critic. The dreadnought was the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century. A dual-purpose gun is a naval artillery mounting designed to engage both surface and air targets.
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A Dutch proposal to build new battleships was originally tendered in , after years of concern over the expansion of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the withdrawal of allied British warships from the China Station. The was a Japanese naval strategy formulated for the development of the Imperial Japanese Navy in the first quarter of the 20th century, which stipulated that the navy should include eight first-class battleships and eight armoured cruisers or battlecruisers.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in to the enactment of the constitution of modern Japan.
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The political situation in Japan —44 dealt with the realities of the two World Wars and their effect on Japanese national policy. Empress Dowager Cixi1 Manchu: Tsysi taiheo; 29 November — 15 November , of the Manchu Yehenara clan, was a Chinese empress dowager and regent who effectively controlled the Chinese government in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years from until her death in Viscount was a Japanese samurai and admiral of the Tokugawa navy of Bakumatsu-period Japan, who remained faithful to the Tokugawa shogunate and fought against the new Meiji government until the end of the Boshin War.
The EOC 10 inch 40 caliber guns were a family of related guns designed by the Elswick Ordnance Company and produced by Armstrong Whitworth in the s for export customers. In addition to being produced in the United Kingdom licensed variants were produced in Italy and in Japan. Ernesto Burzagli 7 June — 13 September was a prominent figure in the Kingdom of Italy during the early 20th century. The French term escorteur Escorteur appeared during the Second World War to designate a naval warship, referring to an average or light displacement, which had for mission to protect the oceanic convoys and squadrons from attacks coming from submarines.
Eugene A. The was a pre-World War II submachine gun of Japanese origin chambered in the 8mm Nambu round and was issued to Japanese Naval units, and used through until the end of the war. Featherston prisoner of war camp was a camp for captured Japanese soldiers during World War II at Featherston, New Zealand, notorious for a incident in which 48 Japanese and one New Zealander were killed.
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Felice Trojani Rome, April 18, - Rho, November 3, was an Italian engineer, designer of airships and airplanes. The Felixstowe F. Fighter units of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force are squadrons of fighter aircraft dedicated to the defense of Japan. A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target. The national flag of Japan is a rectangular white banner bearing a crimson-red disc at its center. A fleet action is a naval engagement involving combat between forces that are larger than a squadron on either of the opposing sides.
The was an unofficial and informal political faction within the Imperial Japanese Navy in the s and s of officers opposed to the conditions imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty. In naval warfare, a "fleet in being" is a naval force that extends a controlling influence without ever leaving port. A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
The Focke-Wulf Fw Condor, also known as Kurier to the Allies, was a German all-metal four-engined monoplane originally developed by Focke-Wulf as a long-range airliner. Forced prostitution, also known as involuntary prostitution, is prostitution or sexual slavery that takes place as a result of coercion by a third party. During the Empire of Japan and up to , Japan was dependent on imported foods and raw materials for industry.
The history of relations between France and Japan goes back to the early 17th century, when a Japanese samurai and ambassador on his way to Rome landed for a few days in Saint-Tropez and created a sensation. The development of France-Japan relations in the 19th century coincided with Japan's opening to the Western world, following two centuries of seclusion under the "Sakoku" system and France's expansionist policy in Asia. Francis Brinkley 30 December — 12 October was an Anglo-Irish newspaper owner, editor and scholar who resided in Meiji period Japan for over 40 years, where he was the author of numerous books on Japanese culture, art and architecture, and an English-Japanese Dictionary.
Francis H. Sir Frank Crisp, Kt. Franz Eckert April 5, August 6, was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga". The French campaign against Korea was an punitive expedition undertaken by the Second French Empire in retaliation for the earlier Korean execution of several French Catholic missionaries.
The — French Military Mission to Japan was the second French military mission to that country. The French Military Mission to Japan was the third French military mission to that country and consisted of five men. From Here to Eternity is a drama film directed by Fred Zinnemann, and written by Daniel Taradash, based on the novel of the same name by James Jones. Fusang refers to several different entities in ancient Chinese literature, often either a mythological tree or a mysterious land to the East. Both patrolled briefly off the coast of China before being placed in reserve at the war's end.
The Gearing class was a series of 98 destroyers built for the U. Navy during and shortly after World War II. General Dynamics Corporation GD is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures. George K. MacKenzie, born 30 May in Brooklyn, N.
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George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang, is located at the northeastern tip of Penang Island. In the years leading up to the outbreak of World War II in Europe in , there was some significant collaborative development in heavy industry between German companies and their Japanese counterparts as part of the two nation's evolving relations. The Giuseppe Garibaldi-class cruisers were a class of ten armoured cruisers built in Italy in the s and the first decade of the 20th century. The Gloster Sparrowhawk was a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the early s.
The Golden Comb Ger. The was the head of government of Japanese Taiwan including Formosa and the Pescadores when they were part of the Empire of Japan, from to The Great White Fleet was the popular nickname for the powerful United States Navy battle fleet that completed a journey around the globe from 16 December , to 22 February , by order of United States President Theodore Roosevelt.
Green Island is a small volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean about off the eastern coast of Taiwan. Green-water navy is terminology created to describe a naval force that is designed to operate in its nation's littoral zones and has the competency to operate in the open oceans of its surrounding region. The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August and 9 February on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.
The was an early class of submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy, and were essentially British C-class submarines, which had been imported for evaluation and reverse engineering. The Hankou Incident Hankow Incident; Japanese was an incident that occurred on 3 April on the occasion of the capture of Hankou Hankow by the National Revolutionary Army in which rioters and a few military units invaded the Japanese concession in Hankou, engaged in vandalism and looting, and attacked Japanese residents and consular staff.
The Hansa-Brandenburg W. Hansa-Brandenburg W. Although the W. Harry L. Four vessels were built in —41 under the Maru 4 Programme.
Apart from laying communications cables, these ships were also designed as mine planters, for the installation of controlled mines in coastal fortifications. The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the s—s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. The Hayabusa-class torpedo boats were a class of torpedo boats constructed for the Imperial Japanese Navy as part of the ten-year naval expansion program. The Heinkel HD 25 was a reconnaissance seaplane developed in Germany during the s for production in Japan. The Heinkel HD 26 was a reconnaissance seaplane developed in Germany during the s for production in Japan.
The Heinkel He was a prototype German monoplane dive bomber design that lost out to the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka in the s, and was never ordered by the Luftwaffe.
source link A hell ship is a ship with extremely unpleasant living conditions or with a reputation for cruelty among the crew. Hibiki is a Japanese word which can be translated as "echo" among other meanings. The was a major citywide riot which erupted in Tokyo on 5 September in protest of the terms of the Treaty of Portsmouth, which ended the Russo-Japanese War of The was the principal manufacturer of gunpowder, explosives, ammunition and artillery shells for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The Hiro Type 91, full designation Hiro Type 91 hp water-cooled W , was a cylinder, water-cooled, W engine developed for aircraft use by the Imperial Japanese Navy in the mids. Hispanic Americans, also referred to as Latinos, served in all elements of the American armed forces in the war. Hispanics in the United States Naval Academy account for the largest minority group in the institution. The history of anime can be traced back to the start of the 20th century, with the earliest verifiable films dating from Kandyan Kingdom falling into the hands of the British Empire and deposing of king Sri Wickrama Rajasingha started the history of British Ceylon It ended over years of Sinhalese monarchy rule on the island.